Alzheimer's disease is the most common cause of dementia in the elderly. More than 60% of the cases of dementia are due to this. Its prevalence is age related is as high as 47% in persons of 85 years above.
It is a degenerative disorder of the cerebral cortex resulting in progressive senile dementia.
The disease has a very insidious onset and it progresses very gradually. It basically affects the emotion, intellect and memory of the person. It develops through 3 stages:Stage 1
It is basically done by ruling out any other causes of cognitive disorders. Progressive worsening of memory and at least two areas of cognitive impairment. Onset between 40 years 90 years of age (mostly, after 65 years) the person should be in a state of normal arousal i.e. he should not be drowsy, or comatose or delirious.
Diagnosis is based on the order of the appearance of the symptoms can be supported by imaging techniques like: MRI, CT scan; which show enlargement of the ventricular space along with brain atrophy. But this is not confirmatory of Alzheimer's as such changes are also seen in most of the other people of this age group.
This means providing a safe, non-stimulating, environment to the patient which provides him with consistency comfort.
For stage 1 patients, reality orientation is very helpful
For stage 2 patients, reality orientation is not possible; hence validation therapy is the best choice. Here, we should value support the patient's feelings thoughts
The patient should be encouraged to do self-care, exercise his other activities. His mental and emotional states, his other vital signs body functions should be assessed for any deterioration
We should keep in mind the patient's capabilities our expectations should not exceed his abilities to perform any tasks
We should speak to the patient calmly allow him sufficient time to reply as we understand that the thinking process of the patient has slowed down. He should also be referred to appropriate support groups, counseling groups etc.
If the treatment of Alzheimer's is started in the early stages with Homeopathy, encouraging results have been seen in the memory of the patient and preventing the development of symptoms concomitant with dementia like aggression, depression and anxiety.
Homeopathy helps to symptomatically relieve the patient by treating the symptoms of memory loss, anxiety and restlessness associated with the disease. It prevents the further progress of the disease by controlling the deterioration and damage of the brain cells but results vary from case to case.
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